Our societies are maintained by services produced by the ecosystem: nature regulates the climate, binds carbon, controls flooding and creates groundwater, and is also an important source of wellbeing and recreation. In order to function properly, nature must be diverse. Securing ecosystem services, i.e. the structures and functioning of ecosystems, is a precondition for a sustainable bioeconomy.
Ecosystem services offer opportunities for various kinds of enterprise in sectors including tourism, culture and health and wellbeing. The development and productisation of sustainable solutions into business activities is a core element of the bioeconomy. Such solutions may also involve recognising ecosystem services and securing access to them more broadly. Ecosystem services present new business opportunities when it comes to building, decentralised energy production and water and landscape management (e.g. utilisation of water circulation, microclimate and vegetation as part of sustainable building and community planning).