Chemistry is the foundation of the entire bioeconomy. Without chemical expertise and know-how, it would be impossible to utilise different types of biomass intelligently and sustainably. From the manufacture of fertilisers needed for biomass cultivation to the refining of biowaste, chemical companies are involved in the entire biomass cycle. Clean water is also part of the bioeconomy, and Finland is one of the global leaders in water chemistry.
The use of bio-based raw materials is increasing, with approximately one third of the chemical companies in Finland using them. Boosted by novel technologies and cooperation, the use of these raw materials as well as various biotechnological solutions is on the increase. Many products, such as tall oil-based chemicals, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), xylitol, renewable diesel and bioethanol, are made almost entirely of renewable raw materials. Other products, such as paints, adhesives, cosmetics and rubber products, have some raw materials that are plant-based. Additionally, Finland is home to highly advanced industrial enzyme research and production.